When it comes to Independence Day celebrations, you might think about how Independence Day celebrated around the world. In this guide, we’ll make you clear about how Independence Day celebrated in Peru.
When is Independence Day in Peru?
Peru Independence Day is commemorated on July 28th every year in Peru. This day celebrates the liberation of Peru from Spain by José de San Martin, the most well-known liberator of Latin America aside from the Liberator himself, Simón Bolívar.
On July 29th, the establishment of the Republic of Peru is celebrated. Together these two days are known as ‘Las Fiestas’ Patrias and are by far the most significant national holidays in Peru. Schools and most businesses are closed to commemorate the holiday.
History of Independence Day in Peru
In the 15th century, the Spanish colonized the territory of Peru. Notwithstanding the wars of independence being fought across Latin America in the early 19th century, Peru remained loyal to the Spanish crown. There had been some rebellion but this had been quashed by the government.
The Viceroy of Peru then launched a military campaign against Chile and its fight for independence. Despite some initial success, the tide resisted the Viceroy and the Royalist forces. Argentina and Chile then signed a deal to peruse the liberation of Peru. On entering Lima, the Argentinian commander, Jose San Martin declared the independence of Peru on July 28th, 1821 with himself as a dictator.
However, it was until 1824 that independence was achieved at the Battle of Ayacucho led by Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin.
How Independence Day Celebrated In Peru
It’s a tradition that major celebrations regularly start on the evening of July 27th with concerts and folk music played across parks and plazas in Peru.
In Lima, the Great Serenade, also known as Lima Salutes the Nation, is held with live performances of folk, creole, and even modern rock bands, dance presentations, and other cultural activities at Parque de la Muralla behind the Government Palace in the historic city center. The evening ends at midnight with fireworks.
Official celebrations in celebration of the Declaration of Independence on July 28
July 28th is the actual day of independence. This holiday begins with 21-gun salutes and a flag-raising ceremony in the Peruvian capital, Lima. At around 09.00 am the Archbishop of Lima honors the Mass of Te Deum in the Cathedral of Lima attended by the President of Peru as Head of State and other influential Peruvian politicians and figures.
The representatives of the Peruvian Congress visit the President at the Government Palace and invite him to give his traditional 28 de Julio Address to the Nation at the Peruvian Congress. On his way, thousands of Peruvians cheers enthusiastically.
The President will be greeted by the Commander-in-Chief of the military at the entrance of the Congress building, then he enters the main hall and gives a quite patriotic speech reporting on the progress and achievements of the nation during the past 12 months.
After his Address to the Nation, the President returns to the Government Palace again accompanied by the cheers and praises of Peruvians along the road.
Official celebrations in commemoration of the Armed Forces and National Police on July 29
On July 29, the holiday concentrates on celebrating the Armed Forces and the National Police of Peru and. The holiday is marked by the Great Military Parade of Peru, attended by the President. Further military parades take place throughout the rest of the nation.
Peru Independence Day food
When it comes to the Peru celebrations, you may be curious about the Peru Independence Day food, right? What better way to commemorate Peru than through its wonderful food and drink?
If you’re going to Peru this Independence Day, try some classic local dishes such as ceviche, anticuchos, lomo saltado, and causa. And of course, don’t forget to sip a perfect pisco sour or Ponche de los Libertadores, the traditional drink to toast the nation’s independence!
Traveling during Peru’s Independence Day celebrations
Independence Day is a great time to travel in or to Peru. The sense of national pride is admirable and the Fiestas Patrias are an interesting to enjoy.
Both July 28th and 29th are national holidays. The Peruvian government tries to encourage internal tourism, so they often declare an extra holiday day before or after the Fiestas Patrias.
If you’re planning to go to Peru, bear in mind that most shop close and many services are unavailable. Bus travel and domestic flights are mostly unaffected, but ticket prices tend to rise. We would recommend advancing hotels and transport reservations ahead of time.
Best Independence Day gift ideas
Gift-giving is an important part of Independence Day celebrations. If you’re looking for the best Independence Day to give your moms, dads, sons, daughters, or nurses, here’re a few ideas that worth your consideration.
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Hopefully, this guide helps you know how Independence Day celebrated in Peru and partly understand Peru, its history, and traditions. if you’re considering a trip to Peru to experience festivals or national holidays, we hope you have a unique and authentic experience.