Idependence Day is one of the most important holidays in the Philippines. This annual national holiday honors the independence of the Philipines from Spain in 1898. In the Philippines knowa as “Araw ng Kasarinlan ”, or “Day of Freedom ”. Filipinos celebrate their annual celebration on June 12. So, do you know the history of Independence Day and how Independence Day celebrate in Philippines. Let’s dicover in this post now!
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In the Philippines, is Independence Day a public holiday?
Independence Day is a public holiday. It is a genaral public holiday. On this day, schools and most businesses are closed. In 2021, it falls on Sartuday and some businesses may choose to follow Sartuday’s opening hours.
History of Philippine Independence Day
Since the mid-16th century, the Philippines has been part of the Spanish Empire. A secret group called ”Katipunan” consisting of Filipino activists who wanted independence was exposed in 1896. This led to the beginning of the independence struggle.
By 1987, an armistice was signed between the revolutionaries and the Spaniards with the recolution’s leaders accepting exile outsite the Philippines.
In 1988, after the Spanish attacked American interests in the region during the Spanish-American War. The United States supported the independence movement, bringing back the rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo from exile, who gathered the support of the locals in the Philippines.
Allied against the Spaniards with American forces, more than 300 hundred years of Spanish rule ended when Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence in Kawit, Cavite, on June 12, 1898.
Under the Treaty of Paris, Spain agreed to cede the Philippines to the US in a payment of twenty million dollars.
A year later, some Filipinos began to feel that the country was only moving from Spanish rule to American rule, leading to the Philippine-American War. The result of that was the suppression of the Filipino uprising and the ongoing American occupation with limited self-rule.
It was not until July 4, 1946, that the Philippines gained full independence.
Originally, Filipinos celebrated Independence Day on July 4, the same day as Independence Day in the US. Until 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal changed this date to June 12 to commemorate the end of Spanish rule over the country.
How Independence Day Celebrate In Philippines?
So do you know how Independence day celebrate in Philippines? What do people usually do on this day?
One Public Holiday, 16 Flag Days
By order of President Fidel V. Ramos in Decree No. 179 of 1994, Independence Day will be celebrated for 16 days, from May 28th to June 12th. Through this decree, the period of time designated as the flag date. In which all offices, government agencies, businesses, academic institutions and private homes are required to fly the Philippine flag.
The Philippine flag was adopted in May 1898. Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista mentioned in the Declaration of Independence of 1898 that the meaning of the three colors – red, white and blue, was a debt of gratitude honoring the flag of America.
However, this was later opposed by Emilio Aguinaldo. He made it clear that the red color represented the bravery of the Filipino, blue symbolized how Filipinos would rather die than surrender to the enemy and the white color stood for the peaceful love of the Filipino.
What do People do?
In the Philippines, Independence Day is a day when many people, including employees, students and even government officials, join nationwide parades. The main highlight, however, is the police and military parade in Manila led by the country’s incumbent president. This is followed by a speech and a 21-gun salute.
Others spend their days in parks and malls. Many Filipino communities living in other countries also celebrate the country’s Independence Day.
Philippine Independence Day is a national holiday so government offices are closed. Schools are also closed on this day. Many businesses have to close, except for shopping malls. Public transport such as passenger jeeps, buses and tricycles will still operate but their routes may be restricted due to the closure of streets for parades.
5 facts about Philippine Independence Day
How Independence Day celebrate in Philippines? Here are 5 facts about Philippines Independence Day celebrations:
This is the world’s largest celebration of Filipino culture
National Day is the world’s largest celebration of Philippine culture. In many Filipino communities, people attend local celebratory events, make the Philippine flag at home, and wear costumes inspired by their region or tribe. Others sing Filipino folksongs.
Dinner with the family
Independence Day is also the day when people will return to gather with their families. Many Filipino families gather around the dinner table and throw a big party to celebrate the holiday. Popular dishes include national dishes such as adobo and regional cuisine such as bopis, which come from the Batangas region.
Manila holds its biggest Independence Day celebration with a series of parades and food festivals in the week to June 12th. In 2018, a large civilian-military parade to celebrate its 120th anniversary of Independence has attracted thousands of visitors.
Raising a flat in Kawit
On June 12 every year in the city of Kawit, Cavite, raise a flag at Aguinaldo Shrine, where General Aguinaldo is buried. Local officials read the 120-page Declaration of Independence.
Fireworks and patriotic ceremonies
Fireworks and patriotic activities take place around the world on June 12, but some Philippine embassies and consulates hold flag-raising ceremonies to honor independence as early as May.
Some things to know about Philippine Independence Day 2021
- This year marks the 123rd of Philippine independence from Spanish rule.
- The 2021 Independence Day Parade takes place in New York on Sunday, June 6. The parade will run along Madison Avenue and raise funds for nonprofits in the Philippines and the United States.
- Many Filipino-owned business owners will close early so they can enjoy the celebration.
Independence Day is approaching and have you prepared anything for this holiday? Dinners, travel, or unique Independent Day gifts? Above is I have shared the history as well as how Independence day celebrate in Philippines. Anything else we missed? Let us know in the comments section below.